“Oh Ai Yad…”: Dysarthria Speech Disorder of Luis in The Accessible Van Life Channel

  • Fatinatu Lathifah UIN MALANG
Keywords: Speech disorder, dysarthria, traumatic brain injury


Several speech disorders can interfere with the listener’s understanding in people with dysarthria. Previous research on dysarthria still covers the type and characteristics of speech. Therefore, an in-depth analysis is also needed of the phonological processes. This study aimed to find out the types of dysarthria and analyze the language disorders experienced by Luis on the YouTube channel The Accessible Van Life. This study describes Luis as suffering from dysarthria caused by severe traumatic brain injury. The data is in the form of utterances spoken by Luis on the YouTube channel The Accessible Van Life. Data analysis used the theory of Duffy (2013) to analyze the types of dysarthria. The analysis of language disorder is based on Lanier’s theory (2010), and the phonological processes is based on Waengler (2012). The results of this study indicate that there are four types of dysarthria experienced by Luis, namely hypokinetic, hyperkinetic, flaccid, and spastic. The problem that dominates Luis’s dysarthria is hypokinetic. In addition, Luis experienced language disorders in articulation, fluency, and voice, with the most dominating effect is on articulation damage. The most dominant phonological disorder in Luis’s speech is the final consonant syllable phonological disorder. This finding can be used as a reference for further studies to understand the speech disorder of dysathria sufferers.


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